This site is entirely dedicated to world hunger. In Africa alone, every
three seconds, at least one person dies. Someone loses a mother or father, or a brother or sister, or a grandpa or grandma,
or even an uncle or an aunt. Please consider this site with care and explore it thouroughly, because those in need, are in
need of help. HELP STOP WORLD FAMINE
On this home page, I'll introduce the different aspects of world hunger, the
poorest countries, and the top famine affected countries.
On a scale not seen in Africa in nearly two decades, famine is once again abundant
the continent. According to estimates by the UN's World Food Programme (WFP), as many as 38 million Africans are living under
the threat of starvation, and many more will die if emergency relief does not reach them in time. As of mid-2002,
famine conditions were concentrated mainly in Southern Africa, but by the end of the year they had appeared just as severely
in the Horn of Africa, and on a lesser scale in several countries in West and Central Africa
Child sitting on sacks of relief grain in Lesotho: Emergency aid is vital, but "just shipping in
food is not enough," says UN Secretary-General Kofi Annan: Poverty and other causes of famine must also be addressed.
Photo: ©WFP / R. Lee
"This is an unprecedented crisis, which calls for an unprecedented response,"
WFP Executive Director James Morris warned the UN Security Council on 3 December, during a session devoted to considering
Africa's food crisis as a threat to peace and security. "The magnitude of the disaster unfolding in Africa has not been fully
grasped by the international community.... An exceptional effort is urgently needed if a major catastrophe is to be averted.
Business as usual will not do."
Mr. Morris and other members of Security Council debate pointed
to a many factors contributing to the current crisis:
- drought and other difficult weather conditions in many of the affected countries,
bringing low harvests and driving up the price of food
- the debilitating impact of HIV/AIDS, which leaves those infected less able
to stave off the ravages of hunger and weakens local farming systems by killing off millions of Africa's most productive farmers
- armed conflict or political strife, as in Côte d'Ivoire, the Democratic
Republic of Congo, Sudan and Zimbabwe, and the difficulties confronting countries only recently emerging from conflict, including
Angola, Ethiopia, Eritrea and Sierra Leone
- inadequate economic policies, especially in agriculture, which in many affected
countries have brought too little investment in farming inputs, rural infrastructure or essential social services -- problems
compounded by the poor prices African farm exports fetch on the world market. (UN famine)
For relief organizations, the most immediate challenge is mobilizing enough
food, medical care and other assistance to prevent massive loss of life in the famine-stricken countries. This will not be
easy, and pledges have been lagging well behind needs. Yet, as WFP Deputy Executive Director Jean-Jacques Graisse emphasized
on 16 December, during the launch of an international "Africa Hunger Alert" campaign, "Progress is possible, if the political
will is there."
The many factors causing Africa's re-occuring cycles
of famine also the need for greater attention to long-term strategies to promote development and peace. "Just shipping in
food is not enough," UN Secretary-General Kofi Annan stated in a 9 December address at New York's Columbia University that
focused on women, AIDS and the Southern African famine.
The top affected countries of famine are: Africa, India, China,
Phillipines, and Mongolia. Basically souhern Asia. But the poorest and most famine affected countrey in the world is Africa.